Scientific Name:" Punicum Granatum The pomegranate", botanical name Punica granatum, is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree growing between 5-8 meters (16-26 ft) tall. The pomegranate is in season from March to May. The Punica Pomegranate leaves are opposite or sub-opposite, glossy, narrow oblong, entire, 3-7 cm long and 2 cm broad. The flowers are bright red, 3 cm in diameter, The rind of the fruit and the bark of the pomegranate tree is used as a traditional remedy against diarrhea, dysentery and intestinal parasites. The seeds and juice are considered a tonic for the heart and throat. Pomegranate trees originate from East Asia, including the Himalaya region in northern India. These trees adapt to cool winters and hot summers, but are damaged when temperatures fall below 12 degrees Fahrenheit. They also prefer good-draining rich, fertile soils in full sun exposure. These fruit trees live over 200 years in the right growing conditions, but most fruit production occurs during the first 15 years of the plant's lifespan. This fruit is extremely rich in disease-fighting antioxidants.