Guava Plant


SCIENTIFIC NAME: "Psidium guajava". The guava tree as a low evergreen tree or shrub 6 to 25 feet high, with wide spreading branches and downy twigs. The branches are very strong and highly tolerant to high winds. The leaves are oblong or oval and blunt, 3 to 6 inches long, and feather-veined. Guava grows in almost any type of soil. The guava fruit grows on a small tree with a wide, short canopy and a sturdy single to multi-stemmed trunk. The guava tree is an interesting plant with mottled greenish bark and long 3- to 7-inch serrated leaves. Guava trees produce white, 1-inch flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear shaped fruits. These are more accurately berries and have soft flesh, which may be white, pink, yellow or even red and varies in taste from acidic, sour to sweet, and rich depending on variety. It typically lives for 30 to 40 years, with a decline in fruit production after 15 years. Guava fruits may be eaten fresh or processed to produce paste, jellies or preserves. Dehydrated fruit is used to make guava powder.