Grafted Pepper Plants
Scientific Name: "Piper nigrum L". Pepper is native to South Asia and Southeast Asia and has been known to Indian cooking since at least 2 BCE. J. The pepper plant is a perennial woody vine growing up to 4 metres (13 ft) in height on supporting trees, poles, or trellises. The leaves are alternate, entire, 5 to 10 cm long and 3 to 6 cm across. The flowers are small, produced on pendulous spikes 4 to 8 cm long at the leaf nodes, Pepper can be grown in soil that is neither too dry nor susceptible to flooding, moist, well-drained and rich in organic matter.. Long pepper, being stronger, was often the preferred medication, but both were used. Black Pepper (or perhaps long pepper) was believed to cure illness such as constipation, diarrhea,earache, gangrene, heart disease, hernia, hoarseness, indigestion, insect bites, insomnia, joint pain, liver problems, lung disease, oralabscesses, sunburn, tooth decay, and toothaches.