Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a species of nightshade commonly known in British English as aubergine and also known asmelongene, garden egg, or guinea squash. It is known in South Asia, Southeast Asia and South Africa as brinjal. It is widely used in cooking. The plant is native to the Indian Subcontinent The eggplant is a delicate, tropical perennial often cultivated as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates. It grows 40 to 150 cm (16 to 57 in) tall, with large, coarsely lobed leaves that are 10 to 20 cm (4-8 in) long and 5 to 10 cm (2-4 in) broad. Semiwild types can grow much larger, to 225 cm (7 ft) with large leaves over 30 cm (12 in) long and 15 cm (6 in) broad. The stem is often spiny. The flower is white to purple, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens. The egg-shaped glossy black fruit has white flesh with a meaty texture. In tropical and subtropical climates.